The issues raised herein this poscast have been repeatedly made by amongst others University of Cape Town’s Prof. Dave Dewar and Fabio Todeschini and published in a their 2004 book Rethinking Urban Transport after Modernism
at are Posted by Arina on World Landscape Architecture
Do the same urban planning ideas apply everywhere? Hear examples from the interview with Michael Hart at http://bit.ly/
Urban planning ideas are sometimes applied between one region to another without any adjustments to the local culture and climate. The example of such a direct transfer is South Africa, where English planning was implemented. Does it work?
Michael Hart points out that urban planning that focuses on the automobile is not appropriate for South Africa, since car ownership is very low. Nonetheless, existing local standards and guidelines are dictating automobile-driven planning. There are other issues that have been overlooked, such as the availability of the energy and water. Although there are alternative solutions for energy in rural areas, they are too expensive and rarely implemented.
One of the projects worth looking at is the Urban Design Framework for an integrated mixed-use housing development in Cosmo City, Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. Currently there is an informal settlement in that area, with approximately 7,300 people. There are no roads or infrastructure. Houses are built by owners from available materials. The local municipality is planning to redevelop this area in the future and promises their residents improved housing.
Michael and his team were hired to study existing conditions and develop a framework that could be implemented in that area.
Michael Hart hopes that in the future he will see a lot more sustainable projects in South Africa that will take local culture and environmental constraints into consideration.