A history of transportation from Innov the City by Andrew Perrier translated courtesy of Google
Until August 26, the City of Architecture and Heritage in Paris presents an exhibition devoted to the history of transportation in cities. Through a set design in twelve steps, “Flowing – when our movements shaping cities”, offers to browse the history and issues of mobility in cities and in our societies.
It is possible to understand the evolution of transport by a simple analysis of the evolution of footwear: “changing shoes will stagnate when the car will take off,” says the speaker of the exhibition “Move” . Original entry in this frieze of human figures, of homo sapiens to homo mobilis, to immerse yourself in the history of transportation. To understand that ultimately, the history of transportation is a constant renewal. In Roman times already, rivers conditioned the organization of cities, the boats are the only means of transport and communication. Today, shuttles and river freight are back, thanks to the emergence of sustainable development.
Farewell and the return of the tram
In the 19th century, transportation becomes the “sinews of war” to allow the development of cities, especially with the arrival of the train. In parallel, the arrival of the railway will lead to major changes in architectural and urban “stations Palace” will be highlighted by successive expositions. The first transport will emerge, including animal-drawn omnibuses. As is the case today in some sparsely populated areas, one could speak of “transport on demand”, with non-regular lines. Railways are progressively installed to make way for tram, winner of the late 19th century.Again, it is quickly supplanted by the bus, uses less heavy infrastructure. Nowadays, if the bus is still sought, particularly through the BRT (Bus High Level of Service) in urban areas, plans for new trams and tram-trains can not be counted in all cities of the world. Finally appears the subway, which develops first in London before arriving in Paris late.
The zoning of the Charter of Athens
In 1933, the Athens Charter dictates the principles of “functional city”, which created the concept of zoning, separating the residential areas of transportation: it is the beginning of “metro-work-sleep.” The backlash is in 1994 with the Aalborg Charter, which advocates instead a mix of urban functions. The cities are recovering to develop public transport so-called “soft” to rediscover the joy of “crossing the landscape” instead of spending his life in tubes. For that is the subject of this exhibition organized by the architect Jean-Marie Duthilleul: reintroduce the slow transport and distribute again the notion of pleasure associated with travel.